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10 AM


The Fall—Original Sin

David Peterson / General

Great Themes of the Bible / Original Sin; Fall of Man / Romans 5:12–19

Sermon Type: Textual-Topical

Proposition: No man is an island. We participate in the human condition. The answer to recognize the disease that it might be managed and cured.


1. An unpopular doctrine, some would say pessimistic, better to say realistic

2. Knowing the disease is key to both management and cure

I. We are Family (Rom. 5:12)

1. Adam literally means mankind. Mankind is not what it was meant to be, all of us.

Romans: An Introduction and Commentary E. The Old and the New Solidarity (5:12–21)

It is not simply because Adam is the ancestor of mankind that all are said to have sinned in his sin (otherwise it might be argued that because Abraham believed God all his descendants were necessarily involved in his belief); it is because Adam is mankind.

2. It should cause us to be compassionate, as God’s priests.

Hebrews 5:2 NIV1984

He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he himself is subject to weakness.

3. We are to seek the good of all people. It isn’t possible to seek the good apart from the whole.

No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main; if a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as well as if a manor of thy friend’s or of thine own were; any man’s death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind, and therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee. (John Donne)

II. We Live in the Shadow of Death (Rom. 5:12b)

1. Death implies loss—yes, physical loss, but also loss of what could have been.

2. We no longer can act spontaneously. We must discern the good and act to bring the good into being.

Genesis 4:7 NASB

If you do well, will your face not be cheerful? And if you do not do well, sin is lurking at the door; and its desire is for you, but you must master it.”

Our culture has damaged millions by teaching that personal morality and virtue have no bearing on personal happiness. (as seen on Twitter by Dean Abbott

People are emotionally weak because they lack integrity. Their pieces do not fit together easily into a whole. The path to greater emotional strength is learning to integrate yourself around a set of values. (Ibid)

3. This loss leads to threat of ultimate loss

III. God is With Us (Rom. 5.14)

1. Our human nature has been united to God—God is one of us.

2. His coming affects everyone and as he is received he brings the divine life, a good infection.


The pyramids of Egypt are some of the most famous structures in the world. Most of us probably know that they served as burial chambers for the Pharaohs. But archaeologists report that preparation for death was important right across Egyptian society, not just for Pharaohs.

For the Egyptians the path to eternal life was fraught with dangers, demons, and false trails. One must be well prepared. The Book of the Dead provided instructions, tips, and incantations for the soul on their journey to the underworld. The book was often excerpted on coffins and tombs, or the complete scrolls might be placed in the tomb.

The last ordeal on the path to eternity was the weighing of the deceased’s heart. This would determine their fitness for joining the land of the gods. Applicants who passed were welcomed by Osiris; a too-heavy heart laden with evil was devoured by a monster and the spirit banished into darkness.

Christian faith of course sees death very differently. The path to eternal life is not fraught with danger, but has been made simple and open by Christ. And while our hearts may be weighed, it is not the degree of evil found within them that will matter but the presence of faith in Christ, who forgives all our sin and welcomes us into his presence.

Source: Archaeological information from Discovering Archaeology website. Cited at

I will sing of my Redeemer
and his wondrous love to me;
on the cruel cross he suffered,
from the curse to set me free.
Sing, O sing of my Redeemer!
With his blood he purchased me;
on the cross he sealed my pardon,
paid the debt, and made me free.

Author: P. P. Bliss


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