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6-26-22 “From Heaven Above”

“From Heaven Above” (Galatians 1:11-24)

David Peterson / General

Gospel / Galatians 1:11–24

Sermon Type: Topical-Textual

Proposition: The Gospel is more than the proclamation of a new religion. It’s about a new reality ground in a new relationship with God.

Introduction

1. Military tradition

2. Traditional lifestyles

I. The Blessing of Religion (i.e., tradition) — Galatians 1:14

1. The gift of an Identity

2. The gift of a Purpose

3. The gift of knowledge of what works

Galatians 4:3, 9 “elementary principles” (NASB)

4. Something to be protected, something ancient (time of Moses, 1500s and beyond)

Ancient Hebrew curse tablet found by Katy archaeologist could be proof of older Bible timeline

The tablet discovered by Stripling’s team was written about 1500 B.C., which would be proof that the Hebrews were writing in the same stylistic and linguistic manners in which the Bible was written.

See rest of article here.

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Acts–Philemon (B. 1:11–24. How Paul Became an Apostle) BKBC

Paul’s reference to his persecution of the church is found in several places in the New Testament (Acts 8:1–3; 9:1–2, 4–5; 22:4–8; 26:9–15; 1 Cor. 15:9; Phil. 3:6; 1 Tim. 1:13) and no one seriously questions that this was characteristic of his zeal for the law prior to his encounter with the risen Lord. His “zeal” in doing this was characteristic of those who were committed to making sure that Jews were faithful observers of the law. There was an antecedent who was highly praised for his zeal for the law that led him to kill a Jew who made sacrifice at the order of the evil Seleucid kin, Antiochus Ephiphansses (ca. 167 B.C.).After killing the Jew, he also slew the king’s officer who forced the man to make the sacrifice, and then he tore down the altar. After this we read: “thus he burned with zeal for the law, just as Phinehas did against Zimri son of Salu [Num. 25:6–15]. Then Mattathias cried out in the town with a loud voice, saying: “Let every one who is zealous for the law and supports the covenant come out with me!” (1 Macc. 2:25–27, NRSV)

The Epistle to the Galatians ((i) From Slavery to Sonship (4:1–7)) NIGNT

The word στοιχεῖα means primarily things placed side by side in a row; it is used of the letters of the alphabet, the ABCs, and then, because the learning of the ABCs is the first lesson in a literary education, it comes to mean ‘rudiments’, ‘first principles’ (as in Heb. 5:12). Again, since the letters of the alphabet were regarded as the ‘elements’ of which words and sentences are built up, στοιχεῖα comes to be used of the ‘elements’ which make up the material world (cf. 2 Pet. 3:10, 12). This would be the natural sense of τὰ στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου unless the context dictated otherwise; the exact phrase is used in this sense by Philo (Aet. Mund. 109).

II. The even greater blessing of a Relationship which brings a new RealityGalatians 1:12, 16

1. The gift of a living reality, the power of an encounter (v. 12)

a. Paul’s encounter v. 11

b. Our encounter (Galatians 3:1-6)

2. The even greater gift of Christ in you (v. 16)

Word Biblical Commentary, Volume 41: Galatians (Comment)

The expression ἐν ἐμοί, “in me,” corresponds to “Christ lives in me” of 2:20 and “God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts” of 4:6, with all three of these passages pointing to the inward reality of Christian experience. Christ “in me” is the flip side of the Christian being “in Christ Jesus” (see 3:26, 28, and Comment there).

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Galatians: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary Anchor Yale

It follows that Paul does not speak in 1:15–16 of being converted from one religion, Judaism, to another, Christianity. Nor, in speaking to the Gentile Galatians, does Paul denigrate Judaism. As the whole of the letter shows, he is consistently concerned to say that the advent of Christ is the end of religion. With his call, then, he neither remained in the religion of Judaism nor transferred to a new religion, from which vantage point he could comparatively denigrate his earlier religion. Referring to God as ho kalesas (“the One who calls”; 1:15), Paul speaks of God’s calling him into existence as an apostle of Jesus Christ. That call is not for Paul a religious event; it is the form taken in his own case by God’s calling into existence the new creation.

Conclusion

Run, John, run, the law commands

But gives us neither feet nor hands,

Far better news the gospel brings:

It bids us fly and gives us wings.

— attributed to John Bunyan (1628-1688)

 

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